Abstract: 3-D Printed Dog Splint

Manufactured custom dog splints can range from 80 to 700 dollars; the cost and manufacturing time can be reduced significantly with the use of 3D-printed splint. Three-dimensional, 3D, printing is the ability to use software to create a realistic model for unique problems, such as custom canine splint designs. In the canine species, there is considerable variability in dog sizes, with over 400 dog breeds ranging from 6 to 30 inches. Dogs need to receive a splint when they fracture a limb from roughhousing, accidents, or other impacts. Fractures on the front legs heavily impact a dog’s mobility. Veterinarians apply splints to stable, closed, and oblique fracture types since most cases with these fractures do not require extra procedures. Companies design these splints and manufacture a handful of sizes because of the amount of time to incorporate every dog size. The diversity of the canine species creates a problem in sizing for a splint. If the splint is too loose, the fractured leg’s chances of slipping out from the cast are high, which can cause improper healing. Equally, if the splint is fitted tightly, then the development of painful rubbing sores is more frequent. These rubbing sore causes also lead to amputations. Considerations of variations of genetic limb deformities can become a factor in ill-fitted splints. If splints were customizable to tailor for each dog, it would create a more comfortable design for the injured dog. There is a critical need for customization in splints that it can provide adequate support and stabilization for healing with minimal consequences. Our objective for this application, which is the next step toward the attainment of our long-term goal, is to create a splint template that accounts for the external rotation of the front legs, and decreases pressure created from the padding of the splint. Consequences for not meeting the need include increased chances of hindered mobility to dogs due to improper fitting of splints